When it comes to roofing, knowing the basics is important. Here’s a breakdown of roofing terminology so you can get to know the terms of the trade.
The deck is the roof’s structural base. It’s usually made of wood.
The dormer is a structure that contains a window, and it sticks out vertically through the roof’s slope.
An eave is the lower border of the roof that hangs over the wall.
The exposure is the part of each piece of roofing material that’s exposed to the elements (sun, wind, rain, and others).
Flashing is waterproofing construction that roofers use in places the roof intersects on different planes. It’s also used at openings in the roof.
A gable is a triangular section of the outer wall that sits at the peak of the roof. The term is also used to describe some types of roofs.
The hip is where two roof planes intersect to form a sloping ridge that runs from the peak to the eave.
Ice and Water Barrier
A roof’s ice and water barrier is a self-adhesive waterproofing membrane that protects the roof against ice damage and rain that’s forced on the roof by wind.
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